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Q2 – Energy Test Review

Test 4 – Energy

 Study Guide for Test 4 – Energy, enzymes, Cellular Respiration, Mitochondria 

(- parts of chapter 8 & 9)
Test 4 vocab list:
 Catabolic pathways substrate Glycolysis
 Anabolic pathways enzyme substrate complex electron transport chain
 Entropy induced fit citric acid cycle
 Spontaneous process cofactors oxidative phosphorylation
 Free energy coenzyme ATP synthase
 exergonic reaction competitive inhibitors proton motive force
 endergonic reaction noncompetitive inhibitors
 energy coupling aerobic respiration Glabella
 ATP oxidation
 Activation energy reduction
When you study, please think how things interconnect! Do not get bogged down in details!!
I am testing your ability to understand these concepts are connected and work together.  I am not testing plain info (with the exception of vocab). Think what the underlying concepts are.
 Metabolism Form
 Gibbs free Energy and Entropy.pdf
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 Metabolism for quiz (MC)  Emailed Keys
 Equilibrium .pdf
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 ATP Cycle worksheet .pdf
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 ATP Cycle worksheet Key.pdf
 molecular structure of ATP
 Cell Respiration Form 1
 Cellular Respiration Packet.pdf
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 Cellular REspiration Packet key p.pdf
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 WORKSHEETS BELOW this are not on this years test! WORKSHEETS BELOW this are not on this years test! WORKSHEETS BELOW this are not on this years test!
 Atomic Structure – subatomic particles.pdf

Atomic Structure – subatomic particles Key.pdf
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 Atomic particle lecture

this will go over the worksheet avove

 Atomic Structure – Ions ..pdf
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Atomic Structure – Ions 2013 key.pdf
View Download Ions, Isotopes

Atomic particles and isotopes

this will complete the atomic structure worksheet and complete isotope worksheet.

Aoms and bonding Form  Emailed Keys lecture on atomic bonding

Mitochondria Form Emailed Keys Catalase Lab – Enzyme concepts pH worksheet – notes pH and enzymes.pdf
View Download ph and enzymes key p.pdf
View Download PH worksheet practice pH worksheet.pdf
View Downloadph worksheet key p.pdf
View Download PH Intro lecture

Mitochondria diagrams MITOCHONDRIA Diagram.pdf
View Download  Mitochondria Diagram Key p.pdf
View Download Cellular Respiration Chart Cellular Respiration Chart.pdf
View Download See chart below: ATP and Enzyme Form Emailed Keys Molecular structure of ATP Bonus: Gibbs Free Energy Formula Table p .pdf
View Download Always Rule
Never Rule
Sometimes Rule


Cellular respiration Chart we filled in class:
Glycolysis Krebs (Citric Acid) Cycle Oxidative Phosphorylation 
 Outside mitochondriaInside mitochondria (matrix)Inside mitochondria (inner  and outer membrane )
 No CO2 producedCO2 producedNo CO2 produced
 No water producedNo water producedWater formed
2 NADH produced
high energy electrons and protons captured
8 NADH and 2 FADH2 (2 turns )
high energy electrons and protons captured
NAD+ and FAD recycled
high energy electrons and protons delivered
No proton motor forceNo proton motor forceProton motor force 
Glucose becomes 2 pyruvatepyruvate becomes Acetyl CoAhigh energy electrons from reactions of glucose and Acetyl CoA create proton motor force
Requires EnzymesRequires enzymesrequires protein complexes (electron transport system)  AND the ENZYME = ATP Synthase. 
Glucose gets oxidizedGlucose fragments get oxidizedOxygen gets reduced in water
Free electrons in C-H bond takenFree electrons in C-H bond takentightly held electrons in water
Overall Spontaneous 
breaking large molecule (glucose) in smaller components and energy released


G = –Overall Spontaneous
breaking large molecules (Acetyl CoA) in smaller components and energy released

G = –Spontaneous because of coupling
Free Energy  +  ADP + Pi —> ATP

Energy from electrons oxidized from glucose  create the proton motor force that produces the ATP

G = +

Chemical oxidation:  Losing electrons (LEO)                     LEO the Lion says GER!!!
Chemical reduction: Gaining electrons (GER)
OVERALL VIDEO ON ENERGY/Cellular Respiration
STUDY Lectures and material
slide 1 – 73:
slide 1 – 36: of the Cellular respiration google slides:
Vitamins and coenzymes: