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Q2 – Energy Test Review

Test 4 – Energy

 Study Guide for Test 4 – Energy, enzymes, Cellular Respiration, Mitochondria 

(- parts of chapter 8 & 9)
Test 4 vocab list:
 Catabolic pathways  substrate  Glycolysis
 Anabolic pathways  enzyme substrate complex  electron transport chain
 Entropy  induced fit  citric acid cycle
 Spontaneous process  cofactors  oxidative phosphorylation
 Free energy  coenzyme  ATP synthase
 exergonic reaction  competitive inhibitors  proton motive force
 endergonic reaction  noncompetitive inhibitors
 energy coupling  aerobic respiration  Glabella
 ATP  oxidation
 Activation energy  reduction
When you study, please think how things interconnect! Do not get bogged down in details!!
I am testing your ability to understand these concepts are connected and work together.  I am not testing plain info (with the exception of vocab). Think what the underlying concepts are.
 Metabolism Form
 Gibbs free Energy and Entropy.pdf
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 Metabolism for quiz (MC)   Emailed Keys
 Equilibrium .pdf
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 ATP Cycle worksheet .pdf
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 ATP Cycle worksheet Key.pdf
 molecular structure of ATP
 Cell Respiration Form 1
 Cellular Respiration Packet.pdf
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 Cellular REspiration Packet key p.pdf
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 WORKSHEETS BELOW this are not on this years test!  WORKSHEETS BELOW this are not on this years test!  WORKSHEETS BELOW this are not on this years test!
 Atomic Structure – subatomic particles.pdf

Atomic Structure – subatomic particles Key.pdf
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 Atomic particle lecture

this will go over the worksheet avove

 Atomic Structure – Ions ..pdf
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Atomic Structure – Ions 2013 key.pdf
View Download Ions, Isotopes

Atomic particles and isotopes

this will complete the atomic structure worksheet and complete isotope worksheet.

Aoms and bonding Form  Emailed Keys lecture on atomic bonding

Mitochondria Form Emailed Keys Catalase Lab – Enzyme concepts pH worksheet – notes pH and enzymes.pdf
View Download ph and enzymes key p.pdf
View Download PH worksheet practice pH worksheet.pdf
View Downloadph worksheet key p.pdf
View Download PH Intro lecture

Mitochondria diagrams MITOCHONDRIA Diagram.pdf
View Download  Mitochondria Diagram Key p.pdf
View Download Cellular Respiration Chart Cellular Respiration Chart.pdf
View Download See chart below: ATP and Enzyme Form Emailed Keys Molecular structure of ATP Bonus: Gibbs Free Energy Formula Table p .pdf
View Download Always Rule
Never Rule
Sometimes Rule


Cellular respiration Chart we filled in class:
Glycolysis  Krebs (Citric Acid) Cycle  Oxidative Phosphorylation 
 Outside mitochondria Inside mitochondria (matrix) Inside mitochondria (inner  and outer membrane )
Anaerobic Aerobic Aerobic
 Net 2 ATP  NET 2 ATP NET ~34 ATP
 No CO2 produced CO2 produced No CO2 produced
 No water produced No water produced Water formed
2 NADH produced
high energy electrons and protons captured
8 NADH and 2 FADH2 (2 turns )
high energy electrons and protons captured
NAD+ and FAD recycled
high energy electrons and protons delivered
No proton motor force No proton motor force Proton motor force 
Glucose becomes 2 pyruvate pyruvate becomes Acetyl CoA high energy electrons from reactions of glucose and Acetyl CoA create proton motor force
Requires Enzymes Requires enzymes requires protein complexes (electron transport system)  AND the ENZYME = ATP Synthase. 
Glucose gets oxidized Glucose fragments get oxidized Oxygen gets reduced in water
Free electrons in C-H bond taken Free electrons in C-H bond taken tightly held electrons in water
Overall Spontaneous 
breaking large molecule (glucose) in smaller components and energy released


G = –Overall Spontaneous
breaking large molecules (Acetyl CoA) in smaller components and energy released

G = –Spontaneous because of coupling
Free Energy  +  ADP + Pi —> ATP

Energy from electrons oxidized from glucose  create the proton motor force that produces the ATP

G = +

Chemical oxidation:  Losing electrons (LEO)                     LEO the Lion says GER!!!
Chemical reduction: Gaining electrons (GER)
OVERALL VIDEO ON ENERGY/Cellular Respiration
STUDY Lectures and material
slide 1 – 73:
slide 1 – 36: of the Cellular respiration google slides:
Vitamins and coenzymes: