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Q3 – Week 3 – 20-21

week 3

Week of 2/22 – 2/26

 
*Please REFRESH this Page every time you view!!!
The 4 day – A, B, C, D cycle looks like this:
                                                       Day          7              Period      8
                                                                           
           Monday            In class:         A         Academic Study               AP BIOLOGY                  
                                   Remote:                       Academic Study                   AP BIOLOGY              
 
                                         In class:         B         AP BIOLOGY                   AP BIOLOGY                      
                                                          Remote:                    AP BIOLOGY                 AP BIOLOGY           
 
                                        In class:              C         AP BIOLOGY                   AP BIOLOGY              
                                   Remote:                     AP BIOLOGY                AP BIOLOGY       
 
                                         In class:          D         Academic Study               AP BIOLOGY  
                                   Remote:                     Academic Study             Academic Study     
                 
 
This week’s 5 day Schedule:   I = In person,  R = Remote
                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                              
2/22  – Monday – “A” Day    – period 7A, 8A –  7(A) AP BIO ACADEMIC STUDY(ASH) / 7(C) 8(A,C) AP BIOLOGY
                                                      –period 7A, 8A -R  7 (A) REMOTE INSTR –  ASH  / 7(C) 8(A,C) 20-21 REMOTE INSTR
 
 
2/23 –  Tuesday  –  “B” Day      period 7B, 8B– I   7(B) 8(B,D)  AP BIOLOGY – (double period Lab)
                                                          -period 7B, 8B -R  7(B) 8(B,D)  AP BIOLOGY – REMOTE INSTR
 
 
2/24 – Wednesday – “C” Day    – period 7C, 8C -I     7(C) 8(A,C)  AP BIOLOGY – (double period Lab)
                                                           – period 7C, 8C   7(C) 8(A,C)  AP BIOLOGY – REMOTE INSTR
 
 
2/25 –  Thursday – “D” Day     – period 7D,8D – I   7(D)  AP BIO ACADEMIC STUDY / 7(B) 8(B,D) AP BIOLOGY
                                                           – period 7D,8D – R  7(D)  REMOTE INS  / 7(B) 8(B,D) AP BIOLOGY REMOTE INSTR
        
 
2/26  – Friday – “A” Day    – period 7A, 8A –  7(A) AP BIO ACADEMIC STUDY(ASH) / 7(C) 8(A,C) AP BIOLOGY
                                                    –period 7A, 8A -R  7 (A) REMOTE INSTR –  ASH  / 7(C) 8(A,C) 20-21 REMOTE INSTR
 

 
2/22  – Monday – “A” Day    – period 7A, 8A –  7(A) AP BIO ACADEMIC STUDY(ASH) / 7(C) 8(A,C) AP BIOLOGY
                                                      –period 7A, 8A -R  7 (A) REMOTE INSTR –  ASH  / 7(C) 8(A,C) 20-21 REMOTE INSTR
1. Continue with note -taking 
 
        A) with Glycolysis
 
        B) Kreb’s Citric Acid Cycle –
 
        C) Electron Transport System, Oxidative Phosphorylation
 
 
Complete oxidation formula: when you combine all 3 parts of cellular combustion
 
Complete Cellular Respiration Formula:                         
 
                                      C6H12O6 (s)       +       6O2       —–>       6CO2(g)        +       6H2O (l)
glucose      –> Electron Carriers (NAD+, FAD) –>  Electron transport System  (Oxygen bonds with H+ to make H2O)
   High Energy                  oxidize glucose                                 high energy electrons used to pump H+ ions against gradient
       Electrons                                                                                      these H+ rush out of membrane giving atp synthase energy
 
 
                                      High energy electrons   —–>    Low Energy electrons
                                               e – get oxidized                         oxygen gets reduced
                                                from glucose                         accepting the low energy e-
 
                                                    C    :    H                                         H    :O
 
                                       Electrons held loosely  ———>      Electrons held tightly
                                                                                       NAD+    
                                                                                        FAD
                                                                                        
   Proton motor force from 4 page notes—–> Electron Transport Chain Animation above
       How does the high energy electrons Pump H+ into the inter membrane space of the Mitichondrion?
 
                                      Glucose ———->   Cellular Respiration ———->  O2
                                       high energy electrons                                                                    low energy electrons   
 
 
REDOX  Reactions – Gaining and losing or electrons- 
 
1.  REDOX : Who is getting oxidized and and reduced:  Slide 9 – 17 in Cell Respiration presentation
 
 
                                                        NAD+   +  H+  +    2e–    —->  NADH
 
                                                  FAD    +   2e–   +   2H+   —>  FADH2
                                    

 

 
 

Cellular Respiration

 
Mitochondria Animations:
 
Today’ s Chart:
 
Cellular respiration Chart we filled in class:
Glycolysis Krebs (Citric Acid) Cycle Oxidative Phosphorylation 
 OUTSIDE mitochondria
cytoplasm
Inside mitochondria (matrix)Inside mitochondria (inner  and outer membrane )
AnaerobicAerobicAerobic
 Net 2 ATP NET 2 ATPNET ~34 ATP
 No CO2 producedCO2 producedNo CO2 produced
 No water producedNo water producedWater formed
2 NADH produced
high energy electrons and protons captured
8 NADH and 2 FADH2 (2 turns )
high energy electrons and protons captured
NAD+ and FAD recycled
high energy electrons and protons delivered
No proton motor forceNo proton motor forceProton motor force 
Glucose becomes 2 pyruvatepyruvate becomes Acetyl CoAhigh energy electrons from reactions of glucose and Acetyl CoA create proton motor force
Requires EnzymesRequires enzymesrequires protein complexes (electron transport system)  AND the ENZYME = ATP Synthase. 
Glucose gets oxidizedGlucose fragments get oxidizedOxygen gets reduced in water
Free electrons in C-H bond takenFree electrons in C-H bond takentightly held electrons in water

Overall Spontaneous 
breaking large molecule (glucose) in smaller components and energy released

G = –

Overall Spontaneous
breaking large molecules (Acetyl CoA) in smaller components and energy released

G = –

Spontaneous because of coupling
Free Energy  +  ADP + Pi —> ATP

Energy from electrons oxidized from glucose  create the proton motor force that produces the ATP

G = +

Chemical oxidation:  Losing electrons (LEO)                     LEO the Lion says GER!!!
Chemical reduction: Gaining electrons (GER)
2/22  – Monday – “A” Day Homework:
 
1. Complete the Catalase Lab –
 
On the back of the lab please
 
        a)  list each independent variable that was tested
        b) Explain the outcomes based on your knowledge of enzymes, collision theory, or  
             energy why each variable caused each outcome.
 
2.  Complete the Form below: (2 submissions)

Energy and Cellular Respiration Form

 

End of Monday..

2/23 –  Tuesday  –  “B” Day      period 7B, 8B– I   7(B) 8(B,D)  AP BIOLOGY – (double period Lab)
                                                          -period 7B, 8B -R  7(B) 8(B,D)  AP BIOLOGY – REMOTE INSTR
 
The Blue team is Remote today.
 
Period 7:
 
1.  Review of Last Nights form.
 
2. Vitamin Lesson – 
 
Yesterday we learned that the energy that we harness from glucose (from the food we eat) is due to high energy electrons that exist in C – H bonds.  These electrons are shared equally because the Carbon and the Hydrogen have almost the same attraction for electrons which allows electrons to have the most freedom.  Electrons with the most freedom have the greatest potential energy.  When they are held closer to one or another atom the electrons “feel” the nucleus more thus have less potential energy.  
 
The “slow” burn of glucose occurs as we take the high energy of the C-H electrons and convert them into lower energy electrons. This is accomplished by slowly taking these electrons away from the glucose in each stage of cellular respiration ( Glycolysis, Pyruvate oxidation, Citric Acid Cycle, Oxidative Phosphorylation) and combining with the final electron acceptor, oxygen and water is made.   In water the electrons are held more tightly or are pulled more to the oxygen (who loves to grab electrons) These electrons are held closer to one of the atoms in a bond and have less freedom leading to a release of energy which is used to make ATP.
 
Do not forget there is whole host of enzymes that catalyze the many steps needed to slowly grab the high energy electrons.  There are also co-enzymes (vitamins!) that help carry these electrons into electron transport system.  They include NADH (Vitamin – Niacin), FAD (Vitamin – Vitamin B2 – riboflavin).
 
Do some vitamins give us energy? No but they help get the free energy!!!                                                                                              to create 34 ATP
    
Vitamins and Minerals – presentation

Vitamins and Minerals

2/23 –  Tuesday  –  “B” Day Homework – 

1.  Please view the video below and complete the form based on the mitochondria.
MC Form Tonight on Video below:

Mitochondria – Jodi Nunnari (UC Davis): new place for video.

<iframe width=”560″ height=”315″ src=”https://www.youtube.com/embed/WEECyKKgNo0″ title=”YouTube video player” frameborder=”0″ allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture” allowfullscreen></iframe>

 
Tonight’s Form: (You will have one response to this form and it is NOT on auto-reply.

Mitochondria Video Form 2021

 
2.  Study for a 1 period test tomorrow on Energy and Cell Respiration:
 
Study:
            1: Vocabulary words that match the definitions below:
 
 

Vocabulary definitions on Energy Test tomorrow – You will need to figure out the vocab words

These are the actual answers.  No need to figure what the vocabulary words are.

 

-Vitamins

 

B –uses the proton motor force to generate ATP

 

C – Metal ions

 

D –The gain of electrons

 

– the protein complex that generates ATP in the Electron  Transport System

       

– blocks substrates from entering active sites

 

G – release energy when breaking down complex molecules to simpler molecules

 

-a measure of randomness or disorder molecular particles or energy

 

– The loss of electrons

 

J – the change of the shape of the active site of an enzyme when a substrate encounters it

                    

K– Energy that can be used to do work

 

L the complete breakdown of glucose to carbon dioxide

 
    2: Parts of an energy diagram:
    
    3. factors the affect enzyme activity
    
    4. pH
    
    5. Yesterday’s Chart on the differences in 3 parts of cellular respiration
    
   6. Thermodynamics-
 
Forms that cover all these topics:
Metabolism Form 2 quiz 2021 – Google Forms Key.pdf
View Download
 
Energy Concepts Extra Credit Form – Google Forms Key.pdf
View Download
THermo Quantities and Sign Form 1920 – Google Forms Key.pdf
View Download
ATP_Enzyme Form 2021 – Google Forms Key.pdf
View Download
 
Catalase Lab Form 2021 – Google Forms Key.pdf
View Download
Important Form:

Connections FORM! – Google Forms Key.pdf
View Download

 

Energy and Cellular Respiration Form – Google Forms Key.pdf
View Download

 
End of Tuesday..

2/24 – Wednesday – “C” Day    – period 7C, 8C -I     7(C) 8(A,C)  AP BIOLOGY – (double period Lab)
                                                           – period 7C, 8C   7(C) 8(A,C)  AP BIOLOGY – REMOTE INSTR
 
 
ENERGY and Cellular Respiration Test todAY!

Energy and Cell Respiration Test

 

2/24 – Wednesday – “C” Day – Homework

 
1. Please make another submission to the mitochondria form.
 
2.  Please review your graded test that was emailed back you.
 
You can expect to have a section (that I did not grade) on tomorrow’s test.
 
Test 4 – Energy 2021 Key – online.pdf
View Download
 
Please have you questions ready as i will review tomorrow before we take the second test. Remember, best out of 2!
 
End of Wednesday..

2/25 –  Thursday – “D” Day     – period 7D,8D – I   7(D)  AP BIO ACADEMIC STUDY / 7(B) 8(B,D) AP BIOLOGY
                                                           – period 7D,8D – R  7(D)  REMOTE INS  / 7(B) 8(B,D) AP BIOLOGY REMOTE INSTR

The Blue Team is remote today.

Energy and Cell Respiration Test 2 – 

 

Energy and Cellular Respiration Test 2

 


2/26  – Friday – “A” Day    – period 7A, 8A –  7(A) AP BIO ACADEMIC STUDY(ASH) / 7(C) 8(A,C) AP BIOLOGY
                                                  – period 7A, 8A -R  7 (A) REMOTE INSTR –  ASH  / 7(C) 8(A,C) 20-21 REMOTE INSTR

The RED Team is REMOTE today.

Period 7,8 – 
 
1.  Review the Test.
2. Collect the Catalase lab.
 
3. Start Photosynthesis.
 
photosynthesis diagrams.pdf
View Download
 
Photosynthesis diagram overview.pdf
View Download
 

 

 
 
Endosymbiosis ——> mitochondria , chloroplast
 

Origin of life

Electron Micrograph of a chloroplast:
 
[thylakoid disk——-> stack of thylakoid disks——-> granum] = light dependent reactions 
 
[stroma —–>  outside the thylakoid] = light independent reaction 0r Dark Reactions
 
“we are just using them for their hydrogen..haha…we take the hydrogen off them and chuck the oxygens away.”
12 H2O  —–>  24 H (hydrogen ions/protons) + 24 NADP+  ——-> 24 NADPH——> light dependent reaction                                                     18 ATP produced              ————————————–>  light dependent reaction                                                            (no ATP leftover for anything other than the light dependent reaction
                                              inside thylakoid                                                               ——–> stroma
 
                    24 hydrogens ripped of water eventually become 6 H2O (12) and 1 C6H12O6 (12) 
                                            6 carbons from 6 CO2 become 1 C6H12O6 (glucose)
 
                  18 ATP        +       12 H2O (l)     +     CO2 (g)   ———>   6 O2 (g)    +     C6H12O6     +      H2O
           made from sunlight            roots uptake               stomata (pores)                          waste             concentrated energy
 
                                                           ΔG = ?                         ΔSuniv = ?
 
 Is energy coupling occurring here?
 
 
2/26  – Friday – “A” Day – Homework:
 
1: Please watch 2 videos on the Photosynthesis. Please watch them in the following order:
     – about 12:00 minutes
 
2:  Then watch the following lecture from MIT:
   -about 17:00 minutes
 
3:  And Complete the Form below 🙂
 

Photosynthesis Form 1 2021

 
End of WEEK 3!